Open Access Case Study

Resveratrol Reduces C-reactive Protein and Cholesterol in Schizophrenia

Karine Zortea, Viviane Carvalho Franco, Lenise Petter Francesconi, Paulo Belmonte-de-Abreu

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/22181

Patients with schizophrenia (SZ) are generally found with overweight and obesity and several metabolic disorders. Additionally these patients have less life expectancy, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) the main cause of increased mortality in these patients. This is a case-report study of a male, 46 years old, with Diagnosis of SZ following a 1-month resveratrol supplementation program. In summary, we observed association of resveratrol supplementation (200 mg/day) with reduced C-reactive protein (CRP), and reduced cholesterol and triglycerides. The benefits included the improvement in Framingham score and mean reduction of 3% of risk of a heart attack over the next 10 years. 

 

Open Access Case Study

A Self-Incriminating Case of Mythomania

Sevda Korkmaz, Sadullah Sağlam, Sema Sağlam, Ebru Fındıklı, Murad Atmaca

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/21501

A lie is changing the truth deliberately to reach an objective. This is frequently encountered in childhood period, as much adult individuals could sometimes use innocent lies throughout their lives. This condition that could be encountered often with children, could also be observed among healthy adults in the form of innocent lies. Mythomania, known as lying pathologically, is an individual lying about almost anything in various environments and believing in these lies himself. In literature, there have been case reports on mythomania and pseudologia fantastica. However, none of these studies mentioned a case, where the patient consistently self-incriminated. This article aims to analyze within the context of literature, the clinical findings about a patient suffering from mythomania, that continuously self-incriminates, and being tried for the crime of perpetration.

 

Open Access Case Study

Psychological Assessment and Five Years Follow up of a Client under Vocational Guidance: A Case Study

Manasseh N. Iroegbu

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/15362

This case study was carried out to undertake a psychological assessment and follow up of an undecided client who needed vocational guidance and counseling to make an appropriate and correct career choice. The case study was a one sample study which employed a quasi-experimental design. The psychological instruments used for the study were Hall Jones Occupational Prestige Scale, [1] Index of Self Esteem Scale, [2] personality questionnaire [3] Vocational Interest Inventory and Peraform Integrated Aptitude Test form B [4]. In addition, four questionnaires that tapped information on Demographic Attributes, Family Background, Academic Background and Social Relationships were used. Data was analyzed based on the statistical norm provided for the interpretation of the scores obtained by the respondent on the tests. The case study was able to match client’s expressed vocational interest with his personality and other characteristics as well as with the actual result of all the psychological tests administered to arrive at a career appropriate and in agreement with his inclinations, potentials and strengths. The case study revealed that client was extroverted, had high self esteem, and adequate/above average aptitude and intelligence. Furthermore, the study revealed that client interests and potentials were matched and in congruence with careers such as administrative/ professional, computational, clerical, social service / persuasive. This study also helped to make client understand his weaknesses and limitations. Psychotherapy, guidance and counseling were used to erase client’s fears, doubts, indecision and anxiety. Follow up after five years showed that client is happily settled down to a successful career as an administrator/ manager according to the predictions of the results of the psychological assessment and the guidance and counseling received.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Suffering from the Disease and Be Offended of: Stigmatization of Individuals with Mental Illnesses in Cameroon

Blaise Nguendo Yongsi

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/21381

Background: Mental illnesses and types of disorders are reported across cultures, and their burden continues to grow with significant impacts on health and major social, human rights and economic consequences in all countries. There is growing evidence that mental health literacy has improved worldwide in recent years. The question arises as to whether this trend is paralleled by an improvement of attitudes towards people with mental problems.

Objectives: This paper aims at providing an overview on stigmatization towards people with mental illnesses, by examining the way in which mental illnesses are portrayed in Cameroon.

Methods: A trend analysis was carried out using data from a cross-sectional population survey conducted in urban settings of Cameroon in 2014 and 2015. By means of fully structured questionnaires, the questions assessed the presence and intensity of stigmatizing attitudes towards individuals with mental illnesses. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results: Empirical findings and qualitative evidence indicate that stigma against mental illnesses remains rampant in Cameroon, constituting a significant barrier to successful treatment, reducing key life opportunities, and predicting poor outcomes over and above the effects of mental illness per se. In fact, individuals with mental illnesses receive harsh stigmatization, resulting in decreased life opportunities and a loss of independent functioning over and above the impairments related to mental disorders themselves.

Learning Objective: Mental health literacy is the most easily modifiable factor. Potential strategies of stigma reduction include education about mental health, promoting contact between the community and persons with mental illness.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Pathways to Psychiatric Care among Patients with Schizophrenia in Uyo, Nigeria

Jombo Henry Effiong, Umoh Kufre Albert

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/21570

Background: The pathways patients navigate to access mental health care have been reported to be responsible for the delay in commencing effective treatment following onset of schizophrenia.

Objective: This study was conducted to delineate the pathways patients navigate on their way to psychiatric services and to explore the socio-demographic and clinical factors on the delay of referral for treatment.

Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study that assessed the pathways to mental health care among patients with schizophrenia (