Open Access Case Report

Conversion Disorder in the Elderly Population: Case Report

Sevda Korkmaz, Caner Feyzi Demir, Sadullah Sağlam, Ömer Özer

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/20454

Conversion disorder is a psychological disorder that appears as a loss in individual’s motor and/or sensory functions without any apparent organic reason. It was reported that it is usually observed in 15 – 35 years old females. In this article, conversion seizures observed in a patient, who is in advanced age compared to the mean age reported in literature for conversion disorder and diagnosed with dementia, would be presented.

 

Open Access Case Study

Psychotherapy and Lausanne Trilogue Play: A Case Report

M. Gatta, M. Stucchi, L. Svanellini, I. Toldo, M. J. Difronzo, L. Sudati, E. Ferruzza

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/20603

Aims: This case study aims to explore the use of Lausanne Trilogue Play and its related video-feedback intervention, through the Explanation of a clinical single case. The clinical intervention involves both child psychotherapy and parental support.

Presentation of Case: P. is a young boy, attending year 7 of the mainstream education (second year of Italian middle school). P. has a younger sister and lives with his parents. P. was physically impaired in younger age, secondary to an accident, and was referred to our Service by the school for aggressive behavior and academic underachievement.

Discussion: At the end of the treatment, the family was more able to communicate and the intervention led the family have better interactions. P. was much more able to regulate his emotions and to be closer to his states of mind, indentifying them more properly. The intervention of LTP and Video-Feedback helped the parents to detect changes in P.’s behavior and their attitude towards the boy.

Conclusion: In conclusion, thanks to this emblematic single case, we highlighted how the LTP procedure can be a valuable tool to identify and monitor the functional and dysfunctional characteristics of the family, in order to provide an early and effective intervention.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Mindfulness, Sexual Functioning, and Subjective Sexual Well-Being

Vanessa Martins, Henrique Pereira, Graça Esgalhado, Rosa Marina Afonso, Samuel Monteiro, Manuel Loureiro

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/20423

Although there are several studies that address mindfulness, sexual functioning, and subjective sexual well-being separately, there are very few studies that explore the associations between these three constructs. Therefore, this research was developed with the objective of evaluating levels of mindfulness, sexual functioning, and sexual well-being in a Portuguese-speaking adult sample in order to compare the differences in these measures between genders (male and female) and age groups, and to determine a predictive relationship between mindfulness, sexual functioning, and subjective sexual well-being. The sample consists of 1,416 Portuguese-speaking adults, with a mean age of 38.74 years of age (SD = 13.63). Participants completed the "The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory - reduced version (IMF)", the Changes in Sexual Functioning Questionnaire-Short Form (CSFQ-14), and the "Subjective sexual well-being" questionnaire. After analyzing the levels of mindfulness, sexual performance, and subjective sexual well-being, we found that the participants had moderately high indicators for all variables. In regards to the comparison between genders, it was found that men have higher levels of mindfulness and sexual functioning than women. Regarding subjective sexual well-being, men also show higher values ​​in almost all variables. It was also found that participants between 30 and 49 years of age demonstrated, in general, higher levels of mindfulness, sexual functioning, and subjective sexual well-being. Linear regression shows that having higher levels of mindfulness is a good predictor of enjoying more sexual pleasure and experiencing orgasm, demonstrating that mindfulness seems to condition sexual experiences. This study draws attention to the importance of further examining the selected variables, in order to provide relevant information to researchers who work in this field.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparison of Alexithymia and Quality of Life in Gifted and Non-gifted High School Students

Nafiseh Majidi Yaichi, Mahbobeh Faramarzi

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/20318

Aim: With respect to the fact that students will undertake management in various areas of community in future, it seems necessary to recognize the issues influencing their emotions and expression. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to investigate alexithymia and quality of life in normal and gifted high school students in Babol city during 2013.

Study Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted on high school students.

Place and Duration of Study: Four high schools of Babol city, between February and June 2013.

Methodology: 300 students (150 gifted and 150 normal) were randomly selected from two normal schools, two non-profit making schools, two public exemplary schools, and two gifted schools (males and females) in all grade levels (from first to fourth class) of high school. Using Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and quality of life questionnaire-short form, the sample was evaluated. Finally, to analyze the required data, MANOVA test was used through SPSS software.

Results: As the research findings revealed, gifted students differ from normal students in some psychological components since gifted students have lower alexithymia compared to normal students. However, regarding quality of life, there is no significant difference between quality of life among gifted and normal males and females.

Conclusion: Gifted students have lower alexithymia compared to normal students.

 

Open Access Review Article

Crosstalk between Mind and Oral Cavity: An Insight into Pathogenesis, Classification, Presentation and Management of Oral Psychosomatic Disorders

Kanu Jain, Monica Mehendiratta, Priyanka Kardam, Jyoti Yadav, Deepti Garg Jindal

International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/INDJ/2016/20428

In general, the conviction is that psychological factors are important in the development of all disease. Epidemiological surveys have revealed that there are different ways in which emotional stressful stimuli can act on oral mucosal target sites. Whether their role is in initiation, progression, aggravation or exacerbation of disease or in predisposition or reaction to a disease is still not clear. Based on available evidences, a need for the understanding of oral psychosomatic disturbances is felt. This review summarizes the underlying pathophysiology of bodily changes brought about by stress related psychosomatic mechanism and their role in further development of structural changes seen in association with oral cavity. An effort has also been made to realize the significant role of reassurance and counselling procedures in overall management of patients with oral psychosomatic disorders.