The Will Club for Stuttering and Modus Operandi of Training Adult Persons Who Stutter: A Descriptive Analysis, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal,
Background: Speech fluency disorders determined by a variety of complex biological and environmental interactions are common problems of children, adolescents, adults and older adults around the world and need therapeutic interventions for improving the quality of life of those who stutter.
Objective: This descriptive study aims to mainly focus on training course and techniques along with various associated challenges faced by persons who stutter.
Methods: Training module was tailored and customized by five trainers including psychiatrist, speech therapist, speech pathologist, psychologist and behavioral therapist to meet the therapeutic needs of chronic adult stutterers who were invited to take 2-week training course concerning stuttering.
Results: The will club for stuttering has well defined mission, vision, values and goals, modus operandi and techniques, and well appreciated by trainees/participants in their success stories. Stuttering is associated with many challenges, which were identified proactively and discussed using training exercises and techniques/methods during training course that comprised of preparatory, application, confrontation, and sustainability phases.
Conclusion: Two-week training course directed towards adult stutterers facing many challenges which were discussed extensively and trainers found their effective solutions through exercises and multi-dimensional techniques dispersed in several phases of the program module.
- Speech fluency disorders
- training course
- breathing exercise
- relaxation techniques
- phases of training course
- Ali Mubarak Aldossari
How to Cite
Alhabeeb AA, Aldossari AM, Qureshi NA. Training course framework directed towards persons who stutter. Concepts and reflections with particular reference to Saudi Arabia. Journal of Education and Behavioral Science. 2021;34(1):113-122
Laiho A, Klippi A. Long-and short-term results of children’s and adolescents’ therapy courses for stuttering. International Journal Language Communication Disorders. 2007;42(3):367-382
Boyle MP, Dioguardi L, Pate JE. A comparison of three strategies for reducing the public stigma associated with stuttering. Journal Fluency Disorders. 2016;50:44-58.
Iverach L, Menzies RG, O’Brian S, Packman A, Onslow M. Anxiety and stuttering: Continuing to explore a complex relationship. American Journal Speech-Language Pathology. 2011;20(3):221-232.
Sønsterud H, Feragen KB, Kirmess M, Halvorsen MS, Ward D. What do people search for in stuttering therapy: Personal goal-setting as a gold standard? Journal Communication Disorders. 2020; 85: 105944.
Khan I, Nawaz I, Amjad I. Effect of aerobic exercises on stuttering. Pakistan Journal Medical Sciences. 2016; 32(4):1005-1009.
Irani F, Gabel R, Daniels D, Hughes S. The long term effectiveness of intensive stuttering therapy: A mixed methods study. Journal Fluency Disorders. 2012;37(3): 164-178.
Abdalla FA, Louis KO. Arab school teachers’ knowledge, beliefs and reactions regarding stuttering. Journal Fluency Disorders. 2012;37(1):54-69.
Al-Khaledi M, Lincoln M, McCabe P, Packman A, Alshatti T. The attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs of Arab parents in Kuwait about stuttering. Journal Fluency Disorders. 2009; 34(1):44-59.
Azios M, Irani F, Rutland B, Ratinaud P, Manchaiah V. Representation of Stuttering in the United Sates Newspaper Media. Journal Consumer Health On The Internet. 2020; 24(4):329-345.
Berquez A, Kelman E. Methods in stuttering therapy for desensitizing parents of children who stutter. American Journal Speech-Language Pathology. 2018;27 (3S):1124-1138.
Druker KC, Mazzucchelli TG, Beilby JM. An evaluation of an integrated fluency and resilience program for early developmental stuttering disorders. Journal Communication Disorders. 2019; 78:69-83.
Nippold MA. Stuttering in preschool children: Direct versus indirect treatment. Language, Speech, Hearing Services Schools. 2018;49(1):4-12.
Available: http://lshss.pubs.asha.org/ by a ReadCube User on 01/11/2018
Monteagudo E, Sawyer J, Sivek-Eskra A. The effects of actors’ vocal exercises for relaxation on fluency: A preliminary study. Journal Fluency Disorders. 2017;54:50-57.
Singh U, Kumar SS. Perception of Stuttering in individuals with stuttering. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery.2021;1-11.
Blomgren M. Stuttering treatment for adults: an update on contemporary approaches. In; Seminars in speech and Language. © Thieme Medical Publishers. 2010;31(04):272-282).
Huinck WJ, Langevin M, Kully D, Graamans K, Peters HF, Hulstijn W. The relationship between pre-treatment clinical profile and treatment outcome in an integrated stuttering program. Journal Fluency Disorders.2006;31(1):43-63
Azrin NH, Nunn RG. A rapid method of eliminating stuttering by a regulated breathing approach. Behaviour Research Therapy. 1974;12(4):279-286.
Mandal FB .Nonverbal Communication in Humans, Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment. 2014;24(4):417-421
Weidner ME, Louis KO, Burgess ME, LeMasters SN. Attitudes toward stuttering of nonstuttering preschool and kindergarten children: A comparison using a standard instrument prototype. Journal of Fluency Disorders. 2015;44:74-87.
Yaruss JS, Coleman CE, Quesal RW. Stuttering in school-age children: a comprehensive approach to treatment. Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch. 2012;43(4): 536-548.
Fraser M. Self therapy for the stutterer. Eleventh Edition. The Stuttering Foundation Publication N0 0012.Published by The Stuttering Foundation of America. Memphis Tennessee .38111-0749, USA.
Van Borsel J, Reunes G, Van den Bergh N. Delayed auditory feedback in the treatment of stuttering: clients as consumers. International Journal Language & Communication Disorders. 2003; 38(2):119-129.
St Clare T, Menzies RG, Onslow M, Packman A, Thompson R, Block S. Unhelpful thoughts and beliefs linked to social anxiety in stuttering: Development of a measure. International Journal Language Communication Disorders. 2009;44(3):338 -351.
Smith A, Weber C. How stuttering develops: The multifactorial dynamic pathways theory. Journal of Speech, Language, Hearing Research.2017; 60(9): 2483-505.
Carnegie D, Esenwein JB. The art of Public speaking. Courier Dover Publications. 2017. PDF available at;funeralhelp.co.uk.
The Art of Successful Interviews National stuttering association Redirection.
Boyle MP. Mindfulness training in stuttering therapy: A tutorial for speech-language pathologists. Journal Fluency Disorders. 2011; 36(2):122-129.
Sønsterud H, Halvorsen MS, Feragen KB, Kirmess M, Ward D. What works for whom? Multidimensional individualized stuttering therapy (MIST). Journal Communication Disorders. 2020;88: 106052.
Packman A, Attanasio JS. A model of the mechanisms underpinning early interventions for stuttering. In: Seminar presentation at the annual convention of the American Speech-Language and Hearing Association Philadelphia, USA; 2010.
Montes CC, Heinicke MR, Guendulain MA, Morales E. A component analysis of awareness training for reducing speech disfluencies. Journal Applied Behavior Analysis; 2020.
Frigerio-Domingues CE, Gkalitsiou Z, Zezinka A, Sainz E, Gutierrez J, Byrd C, Webster R, Drayna D. Genetic factors and therapy outcomes in persistent developmental stuttering. Journal of communication disorders. 2019; 80:11-17.
Freud D, Kichin-Brin M, Ezrati-Vinacour R, Roziner I, Amir O. The relationship between the experience of stuttering and demographic characteristics of adults who stutter. Journal of fluency disorders. 2017; 52:53-63
De Veer S, Brouwers A, Evers W, Tomic W. A pilot study of the psychological impact of the mindfulness-based stress-reduction program on people who stutter. European Psychotherapy. 2009;9(1);39-56.
Bate KS, Malouff JM, Thorsteinsson ET, Bhullar N. The efficacy of habit reversal therapy for tics, habit disorders, and stuttering: a meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review. 2011;31(5): 865-871.
The Stuttering Foundation of America: A non-profit Organization since 1947- Helping those who stutter.
Stuttering: Inspiring Stories and Professional Wisdom.
Available:http://.www.Amazon.com/dp/0615689523/ref=cm_sw_r_wa_awdb_imm_ AAG3N1WY6AH K23M073KQ.
Conture EG. Stuttering: its nature, diagnosis and treatment .Pearson College Division, 2001.
Menzies R, O’Brian S, Packman A, Jones M, Helgadóttir FD, Onslow M. Supplementing stuttering treatment with online cognitive behavior therapy: An experimental trial. Journal of Communication Disorders. 2019;80: 81-91.
From stuttering to fluent speech, 6300 Cases later: Unlocking muscle mischief. Huawei. P30. Pro. Leica Quad Camera.
Hearing and Speech Therapy. Available at: eBook.iniveyes.com. (Arabic language; Library of Ain University).
Van Erdenbrugh S, Packman A, O’Brian S, Onslow M. Challenges and strategies for speech-language pathologists using the Lidcombe program for early stuttering. American Journal Speech-Language Pathology. 2018;27(3S):12591272.
Abstract View: 154 times
PDF Download: 44 times