International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal (ISSN:&nbsp;2321-7235) </strong>aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/INDJ/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Neuropsychiatric Disease related research’.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal 2321-7235 Assessment of Causes and Effects of Drugs and Substances Abuse among Youth: A Case Study of Katsina Metropolis (North West Nigeria) <p><strong>Aims: </strong>To determine the cause, effect and type of drugs commonly abuse among youth in Katsina metropolis.</p> <p><strong>Study Design: </strong>Descriptive cross-sectional design carried out in Katsina metropolis in June to September 2018.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A descriptive cross sectional design was used for the study where by 384 respondents were selected through a purposive and snowball sampling techniques to select the study subject from the study areas. A validated and structured interviewer administered questionnaire (IAQ) was used to collect data from the respondents. Data was analysed using SPSS version 20.0.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Findings from the study showed that peer pressure 75(19.5%) and desire for enjoyment 51(13.3%) are the major cause associated with the abuse of drugs by the respondents. The most commonly abused substances by the respondents include Tobacco 112(29.2%), Codeine 68(17.7%) Marijuana (Indian hemp) 55(14.3), and cola nut 17(3.4%) and majority of the respondent perceive negative effect of poor health (madness) 212 (55.2%) as the major effect and aggressive behavior’s 71(18.5%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The major cause of substance abuse among youth are peer pressure and desire for enjoyment, common effect is poor health and Tobacco is the common abuse drug. It is therefore recommended that Parent should take good care of their children during teenage age and government should control the production and supply of these illicit substances.</p> Nasiru Lawal Al Mustapha A. Aliyu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-05-02 2020-05-02 1 9 10.9734/indj/2020/v14i130117 Epidemiological Analysis of Hospitalizations for Head Trauma in Hospitals of Belém do Pará, Between 2015 and 2019 <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The study aimed to describe the epidemiology of cases of hospitalization due to TBI in Belém/PA, between 2015 and 2019.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This is a descriptive epidemiological study, with a retrospective approach, whose data were obtained through consultation in the Notifiable Diseases Information System.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Were 2.103 cases were reported, of which (75, 3%) were male, 80,7% without race/color information, coming largely from the emergency department, with predominance of admission to a Municipal Emergency Hospital (78, 2%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The high incidence of TBI in certain groups, associated with the present need to carry out complete care records, reinforces the need for health information, serving as an epidemiological basis and for the management of services. Therefore, it is extremely important to know the possible causes and act in the planning and elaboration of strategies that aim to prevent the numerous cases of TBI.</p> Brenda Stefany de Campos Chaves Cássia Oliveira Cabral da Paz Letícia Gomes de Oliveira Nirlando Igor Fróes Miranda Ingrid Tavares de Araújo Alícia Gleides Fontes Gonçalves Marineuza Jardim Azevedo Francisco Luzio de Paula Ramos ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-05-13 2020-05-13 10 15 10.9734/indj/2020/v14i130118 Mental Health First Aid Training: A Study of Community Members’ Pre and Post-training Responses to a 17-Item Questionnaire <p><strong>Background:</strong> Mental Health First Aid, an important component of metal health educational programs, targets naive community members, public, allied mental health personnel, and mental health experts with specific reference as to how these trained aiders should help people in crisis or with mental health conditions in the community.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aimed to describe pre-to-post-test assessment of those who were trained in MHFA program.</p> <p><strong>Setting: </strong>National Center for Mental Health Promotion, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>Trained mental health professionals organized MHFA courses (n=35) for training self-selected, nonrandomized community members (n=862) who were assessed pre-to-post training by using an adapted 17-item questionnaire for measuring the impact of MHFA course on their mental health knowledge, perception, attitude and practice.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The participants’ responses to questionnaire were varied at pre-and post-test evaluation and 65% of them showed mild to significant positive changes in their responses, and the rest were not affected positively after this course, possibly attributed to multiple factors related to naïve community trainees, advanced questionnaire, short timeline and dissimilar instructors.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Although all participants well received the MHFA courses, 65% of participants’ pre-to-post-test responses improved positively. The preliminary results of this study are not generalizable to the whole community, need to be cautiously interpreted and this research is calling for more studies especially randomized controlled trials in future.</p> Abdulhameed Abdullah Al-Habeeb Haifa Saad Aleshaiwi Naseem Akhtar Qureshi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-05-15 2020-05-15 16 31 10.9734/indj/2020/v14i130119